Simply put, transhumanism is the intentional and intellectual movement that aims to transform the human condition by developing and making widely available sophisticated technologies to greatly enhance human intellectual, physical and psychological capacities.
In many ways transhumanism is already happening, especially in the medical field with hearing aids, pace makers, prosthetic arms, etc. And it is happening in computer technology with virtual reality games and platforms.
But what transhumanism forces us to contemplate is if we have the right ethically to create a superhuman being, if the capability exists. If we can have perfect vision, would we want to have our eyes changed to make that happen? If we can improve our intellect with a computer chip, would we want to have that chip inserted into our brains? These are questions that may come to light for us as the human race sooner than we think.
The conundrum for us as Christians, of course, is that we believe that God created us in his own image and, in his infinite wisdom, uniquely designed us exactly the way that we are, with all of our pluses and minuses. In my mind, therefore, it is not up to us to tamper with that, if the reasons are simply selfish or vain.
As the psalmist says,
You formed my inward parts; you knitted me together in my mother’s womb. praise you, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made. Wonderful are your works; my soul knows it very well. Psalm 139:13-14
I am all for using technologies that help people who are sick or injured or impaired, of course, but changing our human faculties “just for fun” or “just because we can” does not seem to be in live with God’s design for humanity.
The way I look at it, Scripture makes it clear to us that we are not to play God when it comes to frivolous things that we may want to change in ourselves simply to make life easier for us.
The key for me is found the last part Psalm 139:14, which says, “My soul knows it very well.” Deep down in our very souls, we know that our bodies are miraculous creations of God that we are called to marvel at and rejoice in, not mess around with.